Nowhere is this better represented than at Potsdamer Platz. This was no-man's land, divided by the Wall, after the Second World War. Now, with lots of shiny new buildings, it is a lively commercial and entertainment quarter. It is close to the important symbols of "old" Berlin - the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag (the original parliament of the German Empire) and the 630-acre Tiergarten park.
Berlin marks its once terrible history with the Jewish community with several monuments. The Jüdisches Museum tells the story of the Jewish people in Germany and the Monument to the Murdered Jews of Europe, unveiled in 2005, is a field of 2,700 undulating concrete slabs near the Brandenburg Gate.
There is no shortage of cheap flights to Berlin. The city has two airports, Tegel in the north-west to which BA and Lufthansa fly and Schönefeld to the south-east where Berlin flights with easyJet and Ryanair land.