The Rock of Gibraltar dominates this tiny British colony at the tip of the Iberian Peninsula. To the ancient Greeks and Romans, Gibraltar was one of the Pillars of Hercules, the promontories that mark the edge of the world. Ownership of the Rock has been contentious since the Treaty of Utrecht granted it to Britain in 1713. Despite attempts by Spain, Gibraltar has happily remained British, all 6sq km (2.5sq mi), 30,000 subjects, and, famously, the only wild monkeys found in Europe.
At the Governor’s residence the guard changes several times a day. Main Street offers a chance to snap up VAT-free bargains (in Sterling naturally) and admire the British Regency-style buildings.
As for the Rock, taking a cable car to the top offers spectacular views of the Strait of Gibraltar to the south, the city of Gibraltar and the Bay of Algeciras to the west, Spain to the north and the Mediterranean and Costa del Sol to the east.
Now that flights from Spain can land at the airport, cheap flights to Gibraltar have become more plentiful. Another option is to find cheap flights to Malaga and catch a bus from there to the border town of La Línea.
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Gibraltar has a pleasant Mediterranean climate, with mild winters and warm summers. Temperatures range between 16 and 32 degrees.
For the beaches and good weather, summer is the peak season, roughly from June to September.
The winters are low season, though the temperature remains mild.